Bhaktapur is located about 20 km east of Kathmandu in the Kathmandu Valley. It is known variously as City of Culture, Living Heritage, Nepal’s Cultural Gem. Also, it is one of the 3 royal cities in the Kathmandu Valley. The others are Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal, and Patan. Founded in the 12th century by King Ananda Malla, Bhaktapur was the capital city of the Greater Malla Kingdom until the 15th century and was an independent kingdom from then until the 18th century. In 1744, Prithvi Narayan Shah, descendent of Dravya Shah, who was the founder of the Gorkha dynasty, began a conquest march in the Kathmandu Valley, capturing and unifying Kathmandu, Patan, Bhaktapur, and the smaller towns of the Valley under one rule. After a period of instability and a bloody coup in 1846, Jang Bahadur Kunwar Ranaji took control of Nepal. His Rana dynasty ruled Nepal until 1951, when the Congress Party formed a new government. In 1960, King Mahendra took control, banned political parties, and instituted land reforms. Political turmoil continued throughout the late 20th century. Festival chariot in Bhaktapur, NepalBhaktapur is filled with Hindu and Buddhist religious sites and art. The many of Bhaktapur’s greatest monuments were built by the then Malla rulers.Unfortunately, the city has been severely damaged by the recent 7.9 Magnitude Earthquake on 25th of April, 2015 whose epicenter was about 90 kms NW of Bhaktapur.
credit: (c) Steven dosRemedios