Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

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This famous pilgrimage site in north-west Spain became a symbol in the Spanish Christians’ struggle against Islam. Destroyed by the Muslims at the end of the 10th century, it was completely rebuilt in the following century. Construction on the cathedral was begun in 1075 in the reign of Alfonso VI, and sponsored by Bishop Diego Peláez. The work took place under the direction of Master Esteban on the remains of old churches built in devotion to the saint. It was built with three naves and a floor plan in a Latin cross, and had an area of about 8300 m². Its countless extensions have added numerous architectural styles to the building (Romanesque, Gothic, Baroque, Plateresque and neoclassical). The La Gloria portico is the main entrance, and was created by Master Mateo in 1188. It features 200 figures referring to the Apocalypse, and the figure of Saint James the apostle appearing to welcome the pilgrims, supported on a column rising from the mullion. The Obradoiro façade of the cathedral is the work of Fernando e Casas y Novoa, and is considered to be one of the supreme expressions of the Spanish Baroque. The main altar is also in the Baroque style, and the crypt of Saint James the apostle lies directly beneath.

cathedral santiago compostela Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

credit:  N. Feans

cathedral santiago compostela1 Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

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cathedral santiago compostela2 Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

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cathedral santiago compostela3 Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

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cathedral santiago compostela4 Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

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