Ephesus – Exploring Ancient City

Ephesus – Exploring Ancient City

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The ancient city Ephesus is located in Selcuk, a small town 30km away from Kusadasi. The Greek city of Ephesus was famous for its Temple of Artemis, which was recognized as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. It was built in the 10th century BC on the site of the former Arzawan capital by Attic and Ionian Greek colonists. The city flourished after it came under the control of the Roman Republic in 129 BC. According to estimates, Ephesus had a population of 33,600 to 56,000 people in the Roman period, making it the third largest city of Roman Asia Minor after Sardis and Alexandria Troas. A legendary city that housed many important names like Cleopatra, Mark Anthony, Augustus, St. Paul, Virgin Mary, John the Apostle… It is visited by over 2 million people each year.

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Ancient Olmec Civilization

Ancient Olmec Civilization

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The mysterious Olmec civilization prospered in Pre-Classical Mesoamerica from c. 1200 BCE to c. 400 BCE and is generally considered the forerunner of all subsequent Mesoamerican cultures such as the Maya and Aztecs. La Venta is an archaeological site of the Olmec civilization located in the present-day Mexican state of Tabasco. Some of the artifacts have been moved to the museum Parque – Museo de La Venta. The most striking legacy of the Olmec civilization must be the colossal stone heads they produced. These were carved in basalt and all display unique facial features so that they may be considered portraits of actual rulers. The heads can be nearly 3 m high and 8 tons in weight and the stone from which they were worked was, in some cases, transported 80 km or more, presumably using huge balsa river rafts.

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Impressive Strahov Library in Prague

Impressive Strahov Library in Prague

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The library is situated in the Strahov Monastery near the Prague Castle. It is a seat of the Premonstratensian Order since the 12 th century. It is one of the most famous historical buildings in Prague. There are lots of valuable documents and books in the Strahov Library. Earliest prints and more are kept in the Baroque Theological Hall from 1671. The oldest parchment gospel-book is from the 9th century. There are also Dutch globes from the 17 th century in the hall. The main hall of the new classicist library building is the Philosophical Hall. There are 50 000 books kept there. The ceiling is covered with amazing fresco painting by A. Maultbertsch. Library is open to the public between 9 am and 5 pm every day the whole year. It is not possible to take books outside the monastery, because of their great value, but you can read them in the study hall.

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