Baalbek – Forgotten  Roman Ruins in Lebanon

Baalbek – Forgotten Roman Ruins in Lebanon

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Baalbek also called City of the Sun in eastern Lebanon. Approximately 86 kilometers northeast of the city of Beirut in eastern Lebanon stands the temple complex of Baalbek. Situated atop a high point in the fertile Bekaa valley, the ruins are one of the most extraordinary and enigmatic holy places of ancient times. Inhabited as early as 9000 BCE, Baalbek grew into an important pilgrimage site in the ancient world for the worship of the Phoenician sky-god Baal and his consort Astarte, the Queen of Heaven. The center of the city was a grand temple dedicated to Astarte and Baal and the ruins of this early temple remain today beneath the later Roman Temple of Jupiter Baal. The complex was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1984.

baalbek Baalbek   Forgotten  Roman Ruins in Lebanon

baalbek1 Baalbek   Forgotten  Roman Ruins in Lebanon

baalbek2 Baalbek   Forgotten  Roman Ruins in Lebanon

baalbek3 Baalbek   Forgotten  Roman Ruins in Lebanon

baalbek4 Baalbek   Forgotten  Roman Ruins in Lebanon

baalbek5 Baalbek   Forgotten  Roman Ruins in Lebanon

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baalbek7 Baalbek   Forgotten  Roman Ruins in Lebanon

credit: Francisco Antunes



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Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

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Minturnae was originally an Auruncian city, one of the three towns of the Aurunci which allied themselves with the Samnites and made war against Rome in 314 BC., the other two being called Ausona and Vescia. The city was probably destroyed in 883 by the Saracens, who in the following years held the surrounding plain. Its site was increasingly abandoned by the population in favour of that of the modern town of Minturno. The Roman ruins consist of an amphitheatre, a theatre in opus reticulatum, and an aqueduct in opus reticulatum, the quoins of which are of various colours arranged in patterns to produce a decorative effect. There are also a statue commonly called of Sepeone, from the Late Empire age, and the remains of a Capitolium, built in Italic-Etruscan style after 191 BC, near the Appian Way.

minturnae Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

The Roman theatre, built in the late Republican era or at the beginning of the Empire, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae1 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

The Roman theatre, built in the late Republican era or at the beginning of the Empire, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae2 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

A stretch of the Appian Way passing through the ancient city and serving as its decumanus maximus, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae3 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

A stretch of the Appian Way passing through the ancient city and serving as its decumanus maximus, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae4 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

The macellum (market) dating to the Hadrianic period (117-138) and the reconstructed monumental colonnade, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae5 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

The macellum (market) and the tabernae dating to the Hadrianic period (117-138), Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae6 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

Black & white mosaic in the caldarium of the thermae depicting cupids pressing grapes, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae7 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

The tepidarium, the warm bathroom of the baths complex heated by a hypocaust (underfloor heating system), Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae8 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

The natatio (swimming pool) of the bath complex, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae9 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

The natatio (swimming pool) of the bath complex, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae10 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

The ruins of the Capitolium (temple dedicated to the triad Jupiter, Juno and Minerva), an Etrusco-Italic type temple built ca. 191 BC, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae11 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

The podium of the Temple of Augustus, built at the beginning of the Imperial age right alongside the Capitolium, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae12 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

The podium of the Temple of Augustus, built at the beginning of the Imperial age right alongside the Capitolium, Minturnae, Minturno, Italy

minturnae13 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

Antiquarium of Minturnae, Minturno

minturnae14 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

Antiquarium of Minturnae, Minturno

minturnae15 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

Antiquarium of Minturnae, Minturno

minturnae16 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

Antiquarium of Minturnae, Minturno

minturnae17 Forgotten Ancient City of Minturnae, Italy

Aqueduct near Minturnae, built between the end of the Republic and the beginning of the Empire, Minturno, Italy

credit: Following Hadrian



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